What Are the Gate Valve Types?

Gate valves are essential components in various piping systems, known for their ability to provide tight shut-off and minimal pressure drop. They operate by lifting a gate out of the path of the fluid, allowing for an unobstructed flow. Understanding the different types of gate valves can help in selecting the right one for specific applications. Here, we discuss the main types of gate valves and their unique features.

Parallel Gate Valves

Parallel gate valves are designed with a flat gate that slides between two parallel seats. These valves are commonly used in applications where a tight shut-off is not critical.

Single Disc Gate Valves
Single disc gate valves feature a single flat disc that moves perpendicular to the flow of the fluid. They are simple in design and are typically used in low-pressure applications where a complete shut-off is not essential.

Double Disc Gate Valves
Double disc gate valves have two parallel discs that create a tight seal when the valve is closed. This type of valve is more effective at providing a reliable shut-off, even in high-pressure systems. The double disc design allows for better distribution of pressure across the valve, reducing wear and tear.


Wedge Gate Valves

Wedge gate valves use a wedge-shaped gate that fits tightly between two inclined seats, providing a more effective seal compared to parallel gate valves.

Solid Wedge Gate Valves
Solid wedge gate valves are the most common type of gate valve, featuring a solid wedge-shaped gate. This design is highly durable and can handle various fluid types and pressures. Solid wedge gate valves are known for their simplicity and reliability, making them suitable for many applications, including high-pressure environments.

Flexible Wedge Gate Valves
Flexible wedge gate valves have a slightly flexible gate that can adjust to changes in temperature and pressure. This flexibility helps to maintain a tight seal and prevents the valve from jamming. Flexible wedge gate valves are often used in steam and other high-temperature applications.

Split Wedge Gate Valves
Split wedge gate valves consist of two separate pieces that can adjust independently, allowing for better sealing and accommodating any seat misalignment. This type of valve is ideal for handling non-condensing gases and liquids that can cause solid wedge valves to jam due to temperature changes.


Knife Gate Valves

Knife gate valves are designed with a sharp-edged gate that can cut through thick fluids, slurries, and other viscous materials. These valves are particularly useful in industries like mining, wastewater treatment, and pulp and paper.

Standard Knife Gate Valves
Standard knife gate valves feature a simple design with a thin gate that slices through the fluid. They are highly effective in handling thick and abrasive materials, making them a popular choice for industries dealing with heavy slurries.

Bi-Directional Knife Gate Valves
Bi-directional knife gate valves can provide a seal in both directions, making them versatile for various flow conditions. This type of valve is ideal for applications where the flow direction may change or where a reliable shut-off is needed from both sides.


Rising Stem Gate Valves

Rising stem gate valves have a stem that rises as the valve is opened, providing a visual indication of the valve’s position. This design is beneficial for applications where it is important to know whether the valve is open or closed.

Outside Screw and Yoke (OS&Y) Gate Valves
OS&Y gate valves feature an external threaded stem that moves the gate up and down. The stem is exposed, allowing for easy lubrication and maintenance. These valves are commonly used in fire protection and water distribution systems.

Inside Screw Gate Valves
Inside screw gate valves have a threaded stem located inside the valve body. This design protects the stem from external damage and contaminants but does not provide a visual indication of the valve’s position. These valves are suitable for applications where stem protection is a priority.



Understanding the different types of gate valves—parallel, wedge, knife, and rising stem—can help in selecting the right valve for your specific needs. Each type offers unique advantages depending on the application requirements. For more information or to find a reliable supplier, contact us to ensure you choose the best gate valve for your system.